Dera ghazi khan was founded in 15th century by Ghazi Khan a Mirani tribe sardar. The old city was situated at a distance of 12 kilometers towards east of the present city with a total area of 3038410 Acers with a 922630 Acres of cultivated area and 2065780 Acers of non-cultivated area. In 1908, heavy flood in river Indus abolished the old city of Dera Ghazi Khan, and then the new city of Dera Ghazi Khan was came into being in 1910. The city is a masterpiece of town planning, divided into different block has two community places for gathering and different social functions. The British rule established colonial system in the sub continent and declared D.G.Khan as a district in the year 1849.
AapkiWEBGeneral Court land was appointed as first deputy commissioner of district. Keeping in view the rapidly increasing population of area and deteriorating law and order situation district D.G.Khan was divided in two district i.e D.G.Khan and Rajunpur. Presently there are two revenue sub division of the District. A tribal belt/political area spread along with western side of the District.
Dera Ghazi Khan was founded by Balouch ruler Haji Khan Mirani in 1476 and named it on the name of his son Ghazi Khan abounded in wild life and gardens. Haji Khan Mirani was a great cattle owner and was attracted to the site by the plentiful supply of grass. It was a beautiful town and was called in Saraiki as “ Dera Phoolan Da Sehra” (Dera Land of Flowers) due to plenty of gardens and Kastori canal was dug from Indus River.
In 1909-10 the town which was cradle of Mirani Civilization was eroded by mighty and fickle Indus River. But the tomb of Ghazi Khan situated near Chorahtta in the present town of Dera Ghazi Khan is a living example of the fine Architecture of that period. Before it was swept away, there was a population of about 23.731 in 1910. The new town was built at the present site about 10 Miles from the old town. It was laid out according to the town planning scheme on grid iron pattern comprising of 66 blocks with wide long roads and streets. Two open space were planned in each block for social gathering. Some of the these have been encroached upon.
According to the census report the population of the new developed town in 1911 was 18446. This decrease of population at the rate of about 2.22% was due to dislocation of population which resulted from the erosion of old town.
In the year 1913, the Municipal Committee came in to existence. At that the area of the town was very small. Major growth of the town has done during the years of 1947-1948, 4 square miles, but the trend of growth in this period was largely being in the northern and southern directions. 1955 torrents affected the population growth in the hilly areas towards south. Almost all of the new developments in north and east of the planned town are haphazardly built.
Dera Ghazi Khan’s developmental work also interrupted due to the lack of transportation and communication facilities during the 1947 to 1958, as this town was almost cut off from other parts of country due to the non availability of bridges on Indus River later a boat bridge was built which linked this town with its origin province and other country this bridge and the Taunsa Barrage in 1953 also helped this town to establish industrial units. As Dera Ghazi Khan is an agriculture rich land and famous for the cotton crop so textile sector also helped to improve the economic and developmental work of this town. Later the formation of a Cement Factory, Al Ghazi Tractor Factory, D.G.Khan Medical College, Ghazi University and establishment of Pakistan Atomic Energy Commision made this city a well knowned and developed city of Pakistan. Dera Ghazi Khan is likely to become a town of about 2.27 million (estimated for 2008) and literacy rate is Urban 61.79% Rural 25.00% and have 59 union Councils.
The climate behavior of this city slightly warm. The winter season is not on high peaks but summer season remains on high levels. The average rain fall in this region is 5 mili. Sometimes the hills of Koh Suleman get snowy.
As this region be a part of foreigner attackers so it has a lot of religions in past and in present state a few left. In 1941 the population calculation show that most part of the population is Hindu. Other religions of this regions as found in Historical Books are as under;
- Sat Singh
- Low Castes
This city is well occurred with historical places of different ages. Due to negligence these places are near to die, but now the local government start taking interest to preserve these priceless back page of the life of this part of Pakistan. Most of these places was buried into the earth due to several climate and local policies. The main historical places those are in sight and opened for public is as under;
- DalooweKatheerath (Near Jampur)
- BeChiragh (Fazilpur)
- Hamza Sultan
- Hindoowala Haadh near Sakhi Sarwar
HISTORY AS SUB continent
The historic growth and the development of this region were always ignored. Although this land was conquered by several rulers but this land could not have any proper progress thorough out the history in 1770 the SIKH conquered Dera Ghazi Khan and Indus River in the supervision of Raja Hari Singh but these sikh tropes did not stay here and after decocting this area they went back. After the assassin of “Wazir Fateh Khan” Raja Ranjeet Singh (Sikh Ruler) dare to attack on this land and occupied this land with his troops under the supervision of “Khush Hall Singh” in 1819. As soon as sikh troops came near to Indus River the kaamil army (Afghans) went away from this area without shooting a single bullet so this area was conquered without any loss of souls and ammunition. In this way Kammil Army dishonors the Afghans. When the ranjit Singh get ruled over this land then at that time this region was divided into many parts. The Koh Suleman and its related area was in the rule of independent Tribes and these tribes were always in the state of war with each other. The area of Rojhan was under the rule of Mazari Tribe but due to the danger of Sikh Army they had strong relations with the Sindh Government, in this way the area of Rojhan was considered to be under the rule of Sindh and the area of Gadang Fort had direct connection with Lahore. After conquering this area Ranjit Singh handed over this area to the Nawab of Bahawalpur on a total amount of Three Hundred Thousand Rupees per year. Nawab of Bahawalpur was strongly and powerfully opposed by the Baloch tribes. The name of baloch tribe rulers who opposed to be the slave of Nawab of Bahawalpur are as under,
- Khosa(Mian Abdul Nabi Khan)
- SardarBarkhurdaar Khan (from Sindh)
- GhulamHaider Khan
- Hero KhanKhosa
Although this war was against the Nawab but on the other hands the Sikh army continued to overcome this land and in 1819 they conquered the lands of Dera Fateh Khan. Ranjit Singh adopted different ways to overcome this land and in this regard he had made several changes those were instant for the officers of that time. In 1831 Ranjit Singh directed Raja Wantoora to take the charge of Dera Ghazi Khan. Deewan Sawan Mill and other officer were deputed in the different areas of Dera Ghazi Khan and Bahawalpur. Ranjit Singh was died on 27th June 1839 and along with his dead body his four wives and Seven Slave females were burnt with him with their own will under the custom of SATTI. After the death of Ranjit Singh several Sikh rulers rule this land but no one could be successful to unite the Sikh. Ranjit
The city of Dera Ghazi Khan is gifted by nature with several minerals. These minerals are absolute in nature and now the government start taking eye on these hidden treasures of the nature for the welfare of the citizens of the land.
A vast and spreader treasure of Uranium is present in the Koh Suleman area of this city. The government has taking this mineral out from a very long years and still these resources are available in a big quantity. Coal is also present but its quality is not good and it could only use for domestic and Brick Making. Natural gas and Oil also present. A lot of hidden minerals are still under examination.